Madhubani Painting – Sun God Worshiping

In Hindu tradition, the Sun is the symbol of prosperity, progress, courage and overall well-being. Sun God is believed to cure serious health problems and grant long healthy life. It’s a common daily ritual to offer ‘Arghya‘ to the rising sun to seek his blessings.

So, here in this Madhubani painting I have shown the Sun and his younger wife (Chhathi Maiyaa) on the right hand side. While on the left hand side, a woman devotee is standing in water and offering Arghya.

Madhubani painiting depicting Sun worship

Just like Madhubani Painting is the most popular folk art of Bihar, Chhath Puja is the most popular festival of Bihar. It’s also celebrated in Uttar Pradesh and Mithila region of Nepal. However, these days it’s celebrated by devotees in many parts of India.

Significance of Chhath Puja

Chhath Puja is dedicated to worship of the Sun god and his wife Chhati Maiya. It’s a common belief that Sun god’s wife Chhati Maiya fulfills the wish of having child. So, devotees perform Chhath puja to thank the Sun god and his wife for fulfilling their wishes.

My memories of Chhath Puja

Having spent most of my childhood in Bihar, I have closely seen my grandmother performing this ritual. Preparations for this festival start weeks before and lot of emphasis is given on cleanliness and purity during the preparation.

There are lots of rituals – I can recall my grandmother fasting and drinking water only after offering prayers to the rising and setting Sun. During these two days, she would even restrain herself from speaking and used to guide us only through gestures. She used to stand in water, meditate and wait for sun to rise.

All family members would gather at the river bank before sunset and sunrise (the next day) to offer ‘Arghya‘ to the Sun.

This Madhubani Painting is dedicated to Sun god and Chhathi Maiyaa

As you can see I have tried to merge both Sun and his wife. I have kept minimal use of madhubani motifs to add emphasis to focal points.

Madhubani painiting Sun motif

Focal point means where you want your viewer to focus in the painting. My two focal points in this painting are the Sun and the woman devotee. Therefore, I have not created any distraction by adding motifs between these two focal points. You can see popular Madhubani motifs in this painting by me.

Repeated arches were added to create a detailed yet not distracting background. This detailed background gives depth to this other-wise simple madhubani painting. You can learn more about madhubani background here.

Madhubani Border

Border adds frame to a painting and is important part of a painting. Here I have created repeated circles in border. Using circle in border indirectly emphasize on the circular Sun. Have a look at intricate border process in this Ganesha Madhubani painting.

Madhubani painiting depicting Sun god with border

You can easily learn Madhubani painting by reading detailed step by step instructions in this post on Madhubani painting in six easy steps.  You can read more about Madhubani painting in detail in what is Madhubani painting.

Madhubani painting can be either riot of bright colors or even a black and white Madhubani painting can be stunning.

As I have mentioned in earlier posts, objective of sharing my Madhubani paintings is to help others who are keen on learning Madhubani painting. I’m myself learning each day and have fair share of flaws. However, if I can help or inspire others in their creative journey I will be most happy.

If you like intricate art forms, do have a look at how to draw mandala? If you are familiar with joys of coloring then this free printable coloring page might interest you as well. I keep on updating art related post on Bhaili.  You can subscribe to this blog for regular updates.

So, don’t forget to pour in your suggestions and feedback in comments. Your response will encourage me in this endeavor.

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